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sm John Naumovski

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DISCLAIMER: The below listed Actual Virginia DUI and DWI cases are presented for ...

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Field Sobriety Tests — Over 200 Things to Look For

Virginia Field Sobriety Tests: Over 200 things that can go Right in Your Favor: Most ...

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Recognized as Top 10 Best Lawyers in Virginia By Multiple Legal Associations

Attorney Highlights

Experience based on defending Hundreds of DUI/DWIs

Over 11 years of Trial Courtroom Experience

Certificates in Field Sobriety Tests Training (and how to beat them)

2005 Graduate from a Top Ten National Law School (University of Virginia)

Regularly Recognized by Attorney-Run Organizations with Accolades and Awards

Attorney John Naumovski was named one of the top 10 Best Criminal Defense Lawyers under 40 for the state of Virginia  by NACDA (National Academy of Criminal Defense Attorneys).

Attorney John Naumovski was recognized as one of the top Lawyers of the Year in the Hampton Roads area, 2015, by Coastal Virginia Magazine.


In addition, he was nominated in 2015 to be a founding member of the American Association of Premier DUI Attorneys and rated as one of the top 100 DUI/DWI lawyers by National Advocacy for DUI Defense, 2015.  Attorney Naumovski was also nominated as one of the “10 Best DUI Attorneys” in Virginia by the American Institute of DUI/DWI Attorneys for 2014.

Attorney John Naumovski was recognized by the National Trial Lawyers Association in 2015 as one of the top 100 Criminal Defense Lawyers in Virginia.  Further, he was voted as the “10 Best” Attorneys for Client Satisfaction in the practice area of Criminal Law by the American Institute of Criminal Law Attorneys for 2016..

Best DUI Lawyers in Virginia

Best Virginia DWI Attorney

In addition, for the second year in a row, both the National Trial Lawyers Association and the American Society for Legal Advocates recognized attorney Naumovski as one of the top 40 under 40 Criminal Defense Lawyers in Virginia (2015, 2014).

Attorney Naumovski has a perfect 10.0 AVVO Rating and the law firm itself has a A+ Better Business Bureau Rating.

To learn more about attorney Naumovski visit his individual page.


Understanding Virginia DUI and DWI

To start with, the terms:  drunk driving, driving while intoxicated, DUI and DWI are the same thing and all charged under 18.2-266 of the Virginia Code of 1950, as amended, and are used interchangeable on this website.   If you are under 21, then you may have been charged under 18.2-266.1.   If you are accused of being under the influence while boating (BUI), then the charge is under 29.1-738.

The law firm has years of experience successfully defending clients charged with DWIs where clients have Refused to blow into the breathalyzer machine, cases where in fact clients have blown into the Breathalyzer machine (currently the  machine used by state and local law enforcement agencies is the Intox EC/IR II), DWIs involving accidents, BAC based on blood results, and almost all other scenarios.

We have all heard of the phrase K.I.S.S. which means Keep It Simple Stupid.  Well, when it comes to DUIs, the only ones that want to keep it simple are the prosecutors (also known as the Commonwealth Attorney).  They want to keep it as simple as possible: you drank, you drove and hence you are guilty of DUI.

Allowing a prosecutor to keep a DUI case simple, may mask over errors made by the police; errors with the Intox EC/IR II (this can include with the documents maintained by the Virginia Forensic Department of Science for these machines, the necessary police procedure leading to (or after) being able to have the results admitted in court or in the administration of the machine in a client’s particular case); or whether the Commonwealth Attorney has met the Constitutional burdens of 1. reasonable suspicion based on articulate facts to stop a vehicle 2. probable cause to arrest and 3. proving guilt beyond a reasonable doubt at trial to name a few things.

Do not hire a lawyer who doesn’t have a comprehensive and expansive knowledge on DUIs.  What your DUI lawyer does not know will hurt you.

Our law firm does not view a DUI as a simple criminal charge.  In fact, we view it as 3 separate but interconnected components: comprising of evidence, police procedure and science.  Below is a general discussion of these three components:



Science is obviously relevant in defending against a DUI.  A defendant is alleged to have consumed an external substance that as a consequence interacts with the blood and the brain, flows into the stomach and eventually hits the central nervous system.

Another obvious point is that consumption of alcohol does not have an automatic, instantaneous effect on most individuals which can be due to many factors including whether and when an individual last ate, what type of alcohol is being drunk, how quickly an individual drinks, weight and body of each individual.  The law firm is in regular consultation with toxicologists (expert scientists who exclusively study, train and have worked as professionals in understanding the affect of alcohol on the body) on cases that warrant such consultation.

If you ended up providing a breath or blood sample, then that involves science too.  Giving a breath sample by itself is meaningless, unless their is a scientific instrument that can correctly measure the alcohol in it.  This sometimes can raise issues about accuracy or precision of the machine itself, or its administration  and whether it made a proper determination of BrAC (BrAC stands for Breath Alcohol Concentration — a breathalyzer machine tests for BrAC not BAC).

Police Procedure

An inherit weakness of defending a DUI is that the witness often against you is a police officer who has specific training in DUI based on NHTSA standards (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration)  who has mostly likely been in front of the same judge many times.  The same judge that will hear your case.

So does that mean game over?  Maybe for some lawyers it is, but that is not our view point.  We have a different view: it’s true that the police officer is a witness but also he or she is an active participate in the DUI event, including whether the stop was proper, gathering of evidence, which can include which and how non-standardized and standardized Field Sobriety Tests are administrated, Preliminary breath test, and so on.

The goal when dealing with police procedure is to seek errors (which are too many to list here) and hence to prevent the Commonwealth from admitting evidence due to faulty police procedure.

Another favorite of the law firm is to flip on the head what initially appears to be incriminating evidence.  The best way to describe this is with an example.  In one case, the police officer wrote in his DUI checklist that the defendant was swaying and falling down, which sounds pretty bad.

Yet in the same DUI checklist, for the walk and turn and one legged stand the officer did not state that the defendant was swaying or falling.  How is it possible that a defendant can’t even stand on two legs yet somehow is capable of preventing himself from swaying nor falling down when standing on one foot for 30 seconds?

Suddenly what appears like damning evidence really becomes a question of police credibility (the flip).

We are always looking for these internal inconsistencies in the polices’ testimony or DUI checklist.

The Evidence

In a criminal case, such as a DUI, the burden of proof to secure a conviction in Virginia is beyond a reasonable doubt.

But what does that really mean? [read more=”Read more” less=”Read less”]

In a nutshell, it means that the Commonwealth has to present evidence and argument that in a judge’s mind or a jury’s collective mind leaves them without a reasonable doubt that you were driving while impaired.  So, to put it another way, the Commonwealth has to have enough evidence based on the totality of the circumstances to proof guilt.

So what evidence is used in a DUI?  To put it succinctly, it means the Commonwealth will use everything that you say, everything that is observed and the test results from the breathalyzer or blood test, if one was taken.  This can be damning evidence and lead to a conviction.  This is why you need an experienced DWI attorney to review for issues with the evidence, police procedure and the science to try to exclude, mitigate or otherwise limit the evidence’s weight.

Virginia DUI Attorney | Hampton Roads DWI Lawyers

DUI Lawyers in Virginia

The law firm specializes in defending clients charged with criminal-traffic matters.   This website was designed specifically for individuals charged with DUI/DWI and provides answers that you may have about your

DUI Lawyers in Virginia

Pulled over? Alleged to be drinking too much?

charge, including, the law firm’s in-house developed  checklist of DUI Defenses or errors that Virginia law enforcement can make during a DUI.  After that, please contact the law firm (for a free initial consultation) and to start working on defending you against your charge(s).

The most important thing to remember is that a good DUI Defense doesn’t start the minute you walk into  a court room, but when you retain an experienced DUI/DWI defense attorney.

Virginia DUI Penalties

Virginia First Offense DUI

DUI/DWI first offense is a Class 1 criminal misdemeanor

Up to 1 year in jail

Automatic suspension of your license for 1 year

Court fine of up to $2,500

have to install an interlock injection system, which can range from 6 months to 1 year (often judges in Virginia Beach require 1 year)

Alcohol Treatment Program for several weeks which is court required and not free

A DUI conviction will result in permanent criminal record

.15 but not more than .20 BAC mandatory jail time upon conviction of 5 days.

more than .20 BAC:  mandatory jail time upon conviction of 10 days.

The offense carries 6 demerit points

Most likely upon conviction you will be dropped by your auto insurance carrier and have to obtain different, more expensive auto coverage.


Second Offense DUI w/ 5 and w/ 10 years

Being charged with a second offense means that the Commonwealth Attorney has evidence showing that you been charged with a “substantial similar” DUI in the past 5 to 10 years.  The penalties for a 2nd offense DUI conviction are severe as they are enhanced compared to a first offense.

You may of been through a DWI arrest, trial and conviction before.  But history doesn’t have to repeat itself.  You owe it to yourself to find the best Hampton Roads attorney to represent you.

If your conviction occurred outside of Virginia (including being charged in Federal court) and sometimes if charged by a local VA ordinance, than you should immediately contact our law firm as the previous conviction may not meet the requirement that it is not substantial similar to Virginia state law.


Penalties w/ 5 years:

DUI second offense is a class one misdemeanor

[read more=”Read more” less=”Read less”]

Up to 1 year in jail, with a minimum jail of 30 days with a minimum of 20 of those days being mandatory.

Court Fine of up to $2,500.  With a minimum fine of $500.

License revocation of 3 years with a restricted license possible after 1 year.

Install an interlock injection system, which can range from 6 months to 1 year (often judges in Virginia Beach require 1 year)

Alcohol Treatment Program which is court required and not free

A DUI conviction will result in permanent criminal record

A conviction with a .15 but not more than .20 BAC carries 10 mandatory days in jail

A conviction with more than .20 BAC carries 20 days mandatory days in jail

6 demerit points

$50 Fee to the Virginia Trauma Fund

Most likely upon conviction you will be dropped by your auto insurance carrier and have to obtain different, more expensive auto coverage.


Penalties w/ 10 years:

DUI second offense is a class one misdemeanor.

It is punishable by up to 1 year in jail, with a minimum jail of 30 days with a minimum of 10 of those days being mandatory.

Court Fine of up to $2,500.  With a minimum fine of $500.

License revocation of 3 years with a restricted license possible after 4 months.

If given a restricted license, you will have to install an interlock injection system, which can range from 6 months to 1 year (often judges in Virginia Beach require 1 year)

You will have to take a mandatory Alcohol Treatment Program which is court required and not free

A DUI conviction will result in permanent criminal record

.15 but not more than .20 BAC carries 10 mandatory days in jail

more than .20 BAC carries 20 days mandatory days in jail

6 demerit points

$50 to the Virginia Trauma Fund

Most likely upon conviction you will be dropped by your auto insurance carrier and have to obtain different, more expensive auto coverage.


Third Offense DWI w/ 5 years and w/ 10 yrs

A Third Offense DUI in Virginia with respect to Penalties is based on whether the offense occurred within 5 years or within 10 years of the two prior offenses.

Penalty for Third Offense DUI Convictio

Is a Class 6 Felony

Up to 5 years in prison

If within 5 years, mandatory minimum of 6 months

If within 10 years, mandatory minimum of 90 days

License is Revoked indefinitely (can petition the court to get back license after 5 years)

Minimum fine of $1,000, max of $2,500

$50 Fee to Virginia Trauma Fund

Is this the first time you been Arrested?

Being charged with a Virginia DUI (also known as a DWI) is a serious matter.  Most people charged with a DUI are arrested on the spot and for many individuals it is the first time they are having a substantial interaction with law enforcement and the judicial system.  It is a normal reaction for a person charged with a serious criminal-traffic offense, such as a DUI, to feel confused as to how to go forward and fearful of the consequences that can result from a DUI.

What Will happen at a DUI Trial?

At trial, it is up to the prosecution to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that you are guilty of the charge. In that effort, the prosecutor will attempt to present evidence showing impairment. Evidence includes what was gathered during interaction with the police and the breathalyzer test results (if one was taken) as well as eye-witness testimony if the DUI stems from an accident.

What does Driving Under the Influence mean?

Driving under the influence means that due to consumption of alcohol a person’s ability to drive was impaired to the point that they no longer could legally drive. The reason why the police give a breathalyzer test is to determine whether the results (.08 of BAC or higher) would create a presumption of impairment. So for example, someone who blows a .08 is presumed to be impaired. It should be noted that this is only a presumption and not a conclusion of law and as such may be refuted.

Defending a DUI Charge

Below is a description of the gathering of evidence by the police that is often used later in a trial:

When the police suspect someone of driving drunk, they first make a note as to whether the driver is committing a traffic violation(s) (speeding, failure to put on a turn signal, etc.) or because of weaving in a lane. Once the police note such driving behavior, they are permitted to pull over the driver. For DUIs originating from an accident, the police are permitted to arrive on the scene and question the persons involved in the accident (called the care taker rule).

As they approach the driver, they are ready to start a battery of tests to gather evidence for trial. The first set of tests is called the pre-exit test and refers to obtaining evidence even before an individual gets out of the vehicle. and normally starts with determining whether the driver has an odor of alcohol and whether it is a strong or weak odor. Second, they make a visual and audio observation of the driver to note whether the driver has slurred language or glassy, blood shot eyes.
Next, the officer asks whether the driver has been drinking and makes note of the answer. The final pre-exit test is to ask for license and registration and is meant to see if the driver is able to understand the instruction and is able to obtain the requested documents without fumbling for them and providing the correct ones.
The next test is called the post-exit test and involves taking notes of how the driver exits the vehicle (leaning on the door for support or difficulty with exiting).
Once the driver is outside the vehicle, the officer notes whether the driver is able to keep their balance or they are instead swaying.
Next the officer may start the pre-standardized field sobriety tests. These tests include asking an individual to recite the alphabet (backwards or to start from a certain letter and stop at another specific letter), counting of numbers, drawing, touching one’s nose to name a few. The important thing to do know about these tests is that there is no scientific backing proving that poor performance reflects impairment and the law firm argues this point in court and/or has the prosecution or the officer admit to this fact.
The next test the officer performs is the standardized field sobriety tests (SFSTs). The important thing to mention about these tests, is that unlike the pre-SFST test above, the SFST do have some scientific backing and so the strategy for these tests is to minimize any weaknesses (such as if someone put their foot down during the one foot stand test, or decided to not to one of them). The SFST consist of three tests: Walk and Turn, Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus, and the one foot stand.
The next test is for the officer to offer a Preliminary Breath Test (PBT). An individual is not required to take the PBT and any result from the PBT can not be used at trial (however it can be introduced in a pre-trial motion). The main purpose the officer is using the PBT result is to determine if the PBT shows a .08 and thus a presumption of impairement and which will allow him to arrest the individual. The officer is not required to offer a PBT and failure to do so is not a defense for trial purposes but may be a defense to a pre-trial motion.
Once at the station, the officer prepares the individual to take the station’s breathylizer test (in Virginia, the 2 machines used are the Intoxication 5000 Breathalyzer and the EC/IR II) by reading the implied consent law and by performing a 20 minute observation to make sure that the individual is not chewing, eating, burping or vomiting or other physical behavior that would result in there being an increase in mouth alcohol.
The results of this Breathalyzer test are admissible in court and a major priority in defending clients who do take the Breathalyzer test is to argue that due to technical/scientific issues with the Breathalyzer machine that the results obtained should be excluded so to avoid the Commonwealth from relying on the Breathalyzer test to obtain a presumption of impairment.



All Virginia Beach DUI/DWI cases will be handled by a 5 person prosecutor team

Starting this year, all DWI cases in Virginia Beach will be handled by the the same 5 prosecutors (aka. Assistant or Deputy Commonwealth Attorneys).  Prior to this year, there was random rotation among all Virginia Beach prosecutors in handling DUI cases.

All DUI and DWI Cases in Virginia Beach Will Be handled by the Commonwealth Attorney Office

UPDATE June 25, 2014:

All First Offense DUI and DWI Cases in Virginia Beach will be handled by the Commonwealth Attorney Office — And What It Really Means For Those Facing a First Time DUI in Va Beach.

In Virginia Beach, starting on July 1st.  The Commonwealth Attorney Office (i.e. prosecutor’s office) will be involved in all DUI and DWI cases.   Before July 1st, the charging officer would handle on his own, without assistance from a prosecutor, all first offense DUI cases.   However, if a case involved 2nd or subsequent offense, involved a blood sample, or an accident the officer would typically request assistance.

So what does it really mean, in regarding a DUI case, to have a prosecutor on the other side for first time DUIs?  In my opinion, there are benefits and a couple disadvantages.

The main benefit is that the prosecutors in Virginia Beach often provide the DUI checklist as part of discovery.  The DUI checklist is the document prepared by the officer that details the interaction with the defendant and contains very valuable information (reason for stop, what FSTs where performed, may reveal errors in the DUI investigation and so on).  Essentially, it allows the defense an opportunity to  build a case based on the Commonwealth’s case before trial.

The disadvantage is that instead of having an officer just providing testimony at trial, there will be now an attorney on their side who knows the law and can argue it, can do cross examination of the defendant (if the defendant decides to testify) and also make argument at closing.

The description above may sound discouraging if you are faced with a DUI or DWI in Virginia Beach, but in my honest opinion it doesn’t concern me that there may be a prosecutor for all drunk driving cases in VA Beach.   My impression of the Virginia Beach prosecutors as a whole, like in the other Hampton Roads cities, is that even though they handle a lot of DUI cases, most of those involve a defense attorney, whether private or Public defender, just pleading it out.  As such, the prosecutors have limited experience trying cases.  With that in my mind, the fact there may be a prosecutor on the other side is not as important as it may appear.


Meet the Attorneys

sm John Naumovski

John Naumovski, Esq.

Attorney Naumovski has obtained the same training, based on NHTSA, as Virginia State Troopers and Local Police with respect to the Non-Standardized and Standardized Fie


Mr. Naumovski is VERY good at what he does.

Former DUI Client

Highly Recommended

Former DUI Client

Awards & Accomplishments

Virginia DUI and DWI Defense Attorney

Virginia DUI and DWI Defense Attorney